Julie Senecal » Health Information - Sunburn

Health Information - Sunburn

Sunburn
 
Sunshine is a wonderful thing…

It triggers the release of serotonin and the production of vitamin D. Serotonin is necessary for mental well-being and research shows, Vitamin D helps to protect the body from medical problems such as osteoporosis, rickets, diabetes, high blood pressure and even some cancers.
The bad news is, over-exposure can have damaging effects both immediately and later in life.
Unbelievably, a sun-burn can occur within only 15 minutes! Although, it may take up to 2-4 hours before it appears or gets noticed.
 
Signs and symptoms of sunburn:

• Red or blistered skin
• Pain
• Possibly slight swelling
• Sometimes - headache, nausea, elevated temperature
• Long term and chronic affects: wrinkly/sagging skin and risk of skin cancer.
 
 
Treatment of sunburn:

• Hydration
• Aloe Vera gel
• Cool baths
• Tylenol or Ibuprofen
• Moisturizing creams
 

Severe sunburn or sun poisoning:

• symptoms can last anywhere from two to three days, or they may persist for weeks.


Signs and symptoms of severe sun burn/poisoning/exhaustion/stroke and when to call the doctor:

• Light causes eye pain.
• Body temperature is over 102° F.
• Vomiting
• Dehydration
• Severe dizziness or unconscious
• 2nd degree (blistering) or 3rd degree (blackening of skin)
• Sunburn becomes infected
 
 
Prevention of sunburn and poisoning:

• Wear sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.
• Reapply sunscreen every two hours or after swimming
• Avoid the sun between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.
• Wear sunglasses with UV protection and protective clothing, such as hats.
• Stay hydrated


Medications that cause sun sensitivity:

• Antibiotics: doxycycline, tetracycline, and ofloxacin
• Acne medications: retinoids
• Antidepressants: doxepin and tricyclic
• Antifungal treatments: griseofulvin
• Antihistamines: promethazine and diphenhydramine

see WebMD.com for more information
 
(more in depth info on sunburns from the CDC - sun exposure, skin cancer, recommendations...)