Julie Senecal » Health Information - Lyme Disease

Health Information - Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease
 
‘Tis The Season for ticks!

While outside, social distancing isn’t the only thing we should be concerned about this time of year.

Per the Vermont Department of Health, “In Vermont, cases of Lyme disease are reported every month of the year. However, the highest number of reported cases are in the months of June, July and August.
With that in mind and since symptoms of Lyme disease appear 3-30 days after a tick bite, most people acquire Lyme disease from being bit by a infected blacklegged tick during the months of April through July.

Just the thought of getting bit by a tick can be scary fortunately though, only rarely, does a tick bite lead to Lyme disease. First of all, in order for a tick to pass the disease on it has to be carrying the bacterial infection itself. Not all ticks carry Lyme disease.
 
In addition, an infected tick can’t pass the disease onto you unless it goes unnoticed and is borrowed into your skin for a duration of at least 2-4 days.

A small deer tick is about the size of a pinpoint. A large, engorged tick can become the size of a sesame seed. When bit and infected by a tick, it can take anywhere from 3 to 30 days before the signs and symptoms of Lyme’s disease develops.

Signs of Lyme disease are the following: a bulls-eye looking rash, flu-like symptoms, and aching joints.

The doctor will make a diagnosis of Lyme Disease based on symptoms, risk factors, and blood test results.
 
Antibiotics are used to treat it. Tylenol and Ibuprofen can be used to decrease fever and ease joint pain. Children should not be given Aspirin due to the risk of Reye Syndrome.

To prevent Lyme disease, wear light colored clothing (makes it easier to spot ticks on you), tuck bottom of pant legs into socks, and use an anti-tick spray walking in tall grass or going into the woods.
 
Complications that can occur with Lyme disease include: arthritis, neurological problems like meningitis, nerve inflammation, heart problems, and facial nerve inflammation (Bell's palsy).

Go to the cdc.gov and healthvermont.gov for further education on Lyme disease.

https://www.cdc.gov/lyme/index.html (Lyme disease and other Tic-borne diseases - more in depth, the CDC)